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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2586\margr4650\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3572\margrsxn4667\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2342\colsr1490\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 THE DHARMASASTRAS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb41\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 73}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2586\margrsxn4650\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri22\sb192\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 tie of transmigration was widely accepted.    The \expndtw13 thus indicate  that the foundations of modern \expndtw6 i had been well and truly laid.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li979\fi648\ri1411\sb108\sa0\sl-394\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 section \scaps0 C \expndtw-16 THE DHARMASASTRAS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb178\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw-8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ^barmasdstras}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb168\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 'he \i Dharmasdstras \i0 represent the traditional teach-\expndtw-3 >f certain Brahmaaical schools on \i Dharma \i0 or civil \expndtw9\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 eligious law. These texts, in \i Sloka \i0 metre, are \expndtw11 lost important sources of Hindu law., and they \expndtw9 ' a good deal of light on ancient Brahmanical \expndtw5 itions and civilisation. Of these codes, the prin-\expndtw0 ones are the \i Mdnavadharmasdstra \i0 belonging \super\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\nosupersub\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 *ra-\expndtw5 o the time of our (Christian) era or before it than \i\super\expndtw12 n\nosupersub  Visnudharmasdstra, \i0 which, though in Sutra \expndtw2 is decidedly posterior to the work of Manu, being \expndtw9 y based on it; \i Ydjnavalkyasmriti^ \i0 composed in \expndtw16 la about the fourth century A.D.; and \i Nara-\expndtw18 iti \i0 of about the fifth century A.D. Besides, \expndtw2 are minor \i Smritis^ \i0 later \i Nibandhas, \i0 and commen-\expndtw-1 , like the \i Mitdksara, \i0 which have also in course of \expndtw3 become authoritative.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb211\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 y\i0 : \i Varnas}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri31\sb178\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Vs in the \i Dharmasutras, \i0 so in the \i Dharmasdstras, \i0\charscalex100\expndtw14\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 distinctions are the "frame" of society. Each \expndtw9 5 limbs hadjtfs particular duties and privileges. \sub\expndtw3 3\nosupersub  according to Manu, the Brahman was to study \expndtw0 :each, perform \i Yajna \i0 and assist others in doing it, \expndtw-1 alms and receive gifts; the Ksatriya had to adminis-\expndtw1 id to protect people, to spend money for advancing}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb221\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 Hopkins, \i Cam. Hist. Ind., \i0 Vol. I\sub 3\nosupersub  p. 279.}\par }